Skip to content


v2.5.3 (2023-12-22)

GitHub release

What's Changed


  • uprev pydantic-core to 2.14.5


v2.5.2 (2023-11-22)

GitHub release

What's Changed


  • uprev pydantic-core to 2.14.5

New Features


v2.5.1 (2023-11-15)

GitHub release

What's Changed



v2.5.0 (2023-11-13)

GitHub release

The code released in v2.5.0 is functionally identical to that of v2.5.0b1.

What's Changed


  • Update pydantic-core from 2.10.1 to 2.14.1, significant changes from these updates are described below, full changelog here
  • Update to pyright==1.1.335 by @Viicos in #8075

New Features


  • Significant Change: replace ultra_strict with new smart union implementation, the way unions are validated has changed significantly to improve performance and correctness, we have worked hard to absolutely minimise the number of cases where behaviour has changed, see the PR for details - by @davidhewitt in pydantic/pydantic-core#867
  • Add support for instance method reassignment when extra='allow' by @sydney-runkle in #7683
  • Support JSON schema generation for Enum types with no cases by @sydney-runkle in #7927
  • Warn if a class inherits from Generic before BaseModel by @alexmojaki in #7891



New Contributors



v2.5.0b1 (2023-11-09)

Pre-release, see the GitHub release for details.

v2.4.2 (2023-09-27)

GitHub release

What's Changed


  • Fix bug with JSON schema for sequence of discriminated union by @dmontagu in #7647
  • Fix schema references in discriminated unions by @adriangb in #7646
  • Fix json schema generation for recursive models by @adriangb in #7653
  • Fix models_json_schema for generic models by @adriangb in #7654
  • Fix xfailed test for generic model signatures by @adriangb in #7658

New Contributors

v2.4.1 (2023-09-26)

GitHub release

What's Changed



v2.4.0 (2023-09-22)

GitHub release

What's Changed


New Features



  • Simplify flattening and inlining of CoreSchema by @adriangb in #7523
  • Remove unused copies in CoreSchema walking by @adriangb in #7528
  • Add caches for collecting definitions and invalid schemas from a CoreSchema by @adriangb in #7527
  • Eagerly resolve discriminated unions and cache cases where we can't by @adriangb in #7529
  • Replace dict.get and dict.setdefault with more verbose versions in CoreSchema building hot paths by @adriangb in #7536
  • Cache invalid CoreSchema discovery by @adriangb in #7535
  • Allow disabling CoreSchema validation for faster startup times by @adriangb in #7565


  • Fix config detection for TypedDict from grandparent classes by @dmontagu in #7272
  • Fix hash function generation for frozen models with unusual MRO by @dmontagu in #7274
  • Make strict config overridable in field for Path by @hramezani in #7281
  • Use ser_json_<timedelta|bytes> on default in GenerateJsonSchema by @Kludex in #7269
  • Adding a check that alias is validated as an identifier for Python by @andree0 in #7319
  • Raise an error when computed field overrides field by @sydney-runkle in #7346
  • Fix applying SkipValidation to referenced schemas by @adriangb in #7381
  • Enforce behavior of private attributes having double leading underscore by @lig in #7265
  • Standardize __get_pydantic_core_schema__ signature by @hramezani in #7415
  • Fix generic dataclass fields mutation bug (when using TypeAdapter) by @sydney-runkle in #7435
  • Fix TypeError on model_validator in wrap mode by @pmmmwh in #7496
  • Improve enum error message by @hramezani in #7506
  • Make repr work for instances that failed initialization when handling ValidationErrors by @dmontagu in #7439
  • Fixed a regular expression denial of service issue by limiting whitespaces by @prodigysml in #7360
  • Fix handling of UUID values having UUID.version=None by @lig in #7566
  • Fix __iter__ returning private cached_property info by @sydney-runkle in #7570
  • Improvements to version info message by @samuelcolvin in #7594

New Contributors

v2.3.0 (2023-08-23)

GitHub release

v2.2.1 (2023-08-18)

GitHub release

v2.2.0 (2023-08-17)

GitHub release

v2.1.1 (2023-07-25)

GitHub release

v2.1.0 (2023-07-25)

GitHub release

v2.0.3 (2023-07-05)

GitHub release

v2.0.2 (2023-07-05)

GitHub release

  • Fix bug where round-trip pickling/unpickling a RootModel would change the value of __dict__, #6457 by @dmontagu
  • Allow single-item discriminated unions, #6405 by @dmontagu
  • Fix issue with union parsing of enums, #6440 by @dmontagu
  • Docs: Fixed constr documentation, renamed old regex to new pattern, #6452 by @miili
  • Change GenerateJsonSchema.generate_definitions signature, #6436 by @dmontagu

See the full changelog here

v2.0.1 (2023-07-04)

GitHub release

First patch release of Pydantic V2

  • Extra fields added via setattr (i.e. m.some_extra_field = 'extra_value') are added to .model_extra if model_config extra='allowed'. Fixed #6333, #6365 by @aaraney
  • Automatically unpack JSON schema '$ref' for custom types, #6343 by @adriangb
  • Fix tagged unions multiple processing in submodels, #6340 by @suharnikov

See the full changelog here

v2.0 (2023-06-30)

GitHub release

Pydantic V2 is here! 🎉

See this post for more details.

v2.0b3 (2023-06-16)

Third beta pre-release of Pydantic V2

See the full changelog here

v2.0b2 (2023-06-03)

Add from_attributes runtime flag to TypeAdapter.validate_python and BaseModel.model_validate.

See the full changelog here

v2.0b1 (2023-06-01)

First beta pre-release of Pydantic V2

See the full changelog here

v2.0a4 (2023-05-05)

Fourth pre-release of Pydantic V2

See the full changelog here

v2.0a3 (2023-04-20)

Third pre-release of Pydantic V2

See the full changelog here

v2.0a2 (2023-04-12)

Second pre-release of Pydantic V2

See the full changelog here

v2.0a1 (2023-04-03)

First pre-release of Pydantic V2!

See this post for more details.

v1.10.13 (2023-09-27)

  • Fix: Add max length check to pydantic.validate_email, #7673 by @hramezani
  • Docs: Fix pip commands to install v1, #6930 by @chbndrhnns

v1.10.12 (2023-07-24)

  • Fixes the maxlen property being dropped on deque validation. Happened only if the deque item has been typed. Changes the _validate_sequence_like func, #6581 by @maciekglowka

v1.10.11 (2023-07-04)

  • Importing create_model in through relative path instead of absolute path - so that it doesn't import V2 code when copied over to V2 branch, #6361 by @SharathHuddar

v1.10.10 (2023-06-30)

  • Add Pydantic Json field support to settings management, #6250 by @hramezani
  • Fixed literal validator errors for unhashable values, #6188 by @markus1978
  • Fixed bug with generics receiving forward refs, #6130 by @mark-todd
  • Update install method of FastAPI for internal tests in CI, #6117 by @Kludex

v1.10.9 (2023-06-07)

v1.10.8 (2023-05-23)

v1.10.7 (2023-03-22)

  • Fix creating schema from model using ConstrainedStr with regex as dict key, #5223 by @matejetz
  • Address bug in mypy plugin caused by explicit_package_bases=True, #5191 by @dmontagu
  • Add implicit defaults in the mypy plugin for Field with no default argument, #5190 by @dmontagu
  • Fix schema generated for Enum values used as Literals in discriminated unions, #5188 by @javibookline
  • Fix mypy failures caused by the pydantic mypy plugin when users define from_orm in their own classes, #5187 by @dmontagu
  • Fix InitVar usage with pydantic dataclasses, mypy version 1.1.1 and the custom mypy plugin, #5162 by @cdce8p

v1.10.6 (2023-03-08)

  • Implement logic to support creating validators from non standard callables by using defaults to identify them and unwrapping functools.partial and functools.partialmethod when checking the signature, #5126 by @JensHeinrich
  • Fix mypy plugin for v1.1.1, and fix dataclass_transform decorator for pydantic dataclasses, #5111 by @cdce8p
  • Raise ValidationError, not ConfigError, when a discriminator value is unhashable, #4773 by @kurtmckee

v1.10.5 (2023-02-15)

  • Fix broken parametrized bases handling with GenericModels with complex sets of models, #5052 by @MarkusSintonen
  • Invalidate mypy cache if plugin config changes, #5007 by @cdce8p
  • Fix RecursionError when deep-copying dataclass types wrapped by pydantic, #4949 by @mbillingr
  • Fix X | Y union syntax breaking GenericModel, #4146 by @thenx
  • Switch coverage badge to show coverage for this branch/release, #5060 by @samuelcolvin

v1.10.4 (2022-12-30)

v1.10.3 (2022-12-29)

NOTE: v1.10.3 was "yanked" from PyPI due to #4885 which is fixed in v1.10.4

  • fix parsing of custom root models, #4883 by @gou177
  • fix: use dataclass proxy for frozen or empty dataclasses, #4878 by @PrettyWood
  • Fix schema and schema_json on models where a model instance is a one of default values, #4781 by @Bobronium
  • Add Jina AI to sponsors on docs index page, #4767 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix: support assignment on DataclassProxy, #4695 by @PrettyWood
  • Add postgresql+psycopg as allowed scheme for PostgreDsn to make it usable with SQLAlchemy 2, #4689 by @morian
  • Allow dict schemas to have both patternProperties and additionalProperties, #4641 by @jparise
  • Fixes error passing None for optional lists with unique_items, #4568 by @mfulgo
  • Fix GenericModel with Callable param raising a TypeError, #4551 by @mfulgo
  • Fix field regex with StrictStr type annotation, #4538 by @sisp
  • Correct dataclass_transform keyword argument name from field_descriptors to field_specifiers, #4500 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix: avoid multiple calls of __post_init__ when dataclasses are inherited, #4487 by @PrettyWood
  • Reduce the size of binary wheels, #2276 by @samuelcolvin

v1.10.2 (2022-09-05)

v1.10.1 (2022-08-31)

  • Add __hash__ method to pydancic.color.Color class, #4454 by @czaki

v1.10.0 (2022-08-30)

  • Refactor the whole pydantic dataclass decorator to really act like its standard lib equivalent. It hence keeps __eq__, __hash__, ... and makes comparison with its non-validated version possible. It also fixes usage of frozen dataclasses in fields and usage of default_factory in nested dataclasses. The support of Config.extra has been added. Finally, config customization directly via a dict is now possible, #2557 by @PrettyWood

  • The compiled boolean (whether pydantic is compiled with cython) has been moved from to
  • Now that Config.extra is supported, dataclass ignores by default extra arguments (like BaseModel)
  • Fix PEP487 __set_name__ protocol in BaseModel for PrivateAttrs, #4407 by @tlambert03
  • Allow for custom parsing of environment variables via parse_env_var in Config, #4406 by @acmiyaguchi
  • Rename master to main, #4405 by @hramezani
  • Fix StrictStr does not raise ValidationError when max_length is present in Field, #4388 by @hramezani
  • Make SecretStr and SecretBytes hashable, #4387 by @chbndrhnns
  • Fix StrictBytes does not raise ValidationError when max_length is present in Field, #4380 by @JeanArhancet
  • Add support for bare type, #4375 by @hramezani
  • Support Python 3.11, including binaries for 3.11 in PyPI, #4374 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add support for re.Pattern, #4366 by @hramezani
  • Fix __post_init_post_parse__ is incorrectly passed keyword arguments when no __post_init__ is defined, #4361 by @hramezani
  • Fix implicitly importing ForwardRef and Callable from pydantic.typing instead of typing and also expose MappingIntStrAny, #4358 by @aminalaee
  • remove Any types from the dataclass decorator so it can be used with the disallow_any_expr mypy option, #4356 by @DetachHead
  • moved repo to pydantic/pydantic, #4348 by @yezz123
  • fix "extra fields not permitted" error when dataclass with Extra.forbid is validated multiple times, #4343 by @detachhead
  • Add Python 3.9 and 3.10 examples to docs, #4339 by @Bobronium
  • Discriminated union models now use oneOf instead of anyOf when generating OpenAPI schema definitions, #4335 by @MaxwellPayne
  • Allow type checkers to infer inner type of Json type. Json[list[str]] will be now inferred as list[str], Json[Any] should be used instead of plain Json. Runtime behaviour is not changed, #4332 by @Bobronium
  • Allow empty string aliases by using a alias is not None check, rather than bool(alias), #4253 by @sergeytsaplin
  • Update ForwardRefs in Field.outer_type_, #4249 by @JacobHayes
  • The use of __dataclass_transform__ has been replaced by typing_extensions.dataclass_transform, which is the preferred way to mark pydantic models as a dataclass under PEP 681, #4241 by @multimeric
  • Use parent model's Config when validating nested NamedTuple fields, #4219 by @synek
  • Update BaseModel.construct to work with aliased Fields, #4192 by @kylebamos
  • Catch certain raised errors in smart_deepcopy and revert to deepcopy if so, #4184 by @coneybeare
  • Add Config.anystr_upper and to_upper kwarg to constr and conbytes, #4165 by @satheler
  • Fix JSON schema for set and frozenset when they include default values, #4155 by @aminalaee
  • Teach the mypy plugin that methods decorated by @validator are classmethods, #4102 by @DMRobertson
  • Improve mypy plugin's ability to detect required fields, #4086 by @richardxia
  • Support fields of type Type[] in schema, #4051 by @aminalaee
  • Add default value in JSON Schema when const=True, #4031 by @aminalaee
  • Adds reserved word check to signature generation logic, #4011 by @strue36
  • Fix Json strategy failure for the complex nested field, #4005 by @sergiosim
  • Add JSON-compatible float constraint allow_inf_nan, #3994 by @tiangolo
  • Remove undefined behaviour when env_prefix had characters in common with env_nested_delimiter, #3975 by @arsenron
  • Support generics model with create_model, #3945 by @hot123s
  • allow submodels to overwrite extra field info, #3934 by @PrettyWood
  • Document and test structural pattern matching (PEP 636) on BaseModel, #3920 by @irgolic
  • Fix incorrect deserialization of python timedelta object to ISO 8601 for negative time deltas. Minus was serialized in incorrect place ("P-1DT23H59M59.888735S" instead of correct "-P1DT23H59M59.888735S"), #3899 by @07pepa
  • Fix validation of discriminated union fields with an alias when passing a model instance, #3846 by @chornsby
  • Add a CockroachDsn type to validate CockroachDB connection strings. The type supports the following schemes: cockroachdb, cockroachdb+psycopg2 and cockroachdb+asyncpg, #3839 by @blubber
  • Fix MyPy plugin to not override pre-existing __init__ method in models, #3824 by @patrick91
  • Fix mypy version checking, #3783 by @KotlinIsland
  • support overwriting dunder attributes of BaseModel instances, #3777 by @PrettyWood
  • Added ConstrainedDate and condate, #3740 by @hottwaj
  • Support kw_only in dataclasses, #3670 by @detachhead
  • Add comparison method for Color class, #3646 by @aminalaee
  • Drop support for python3.6, associated cleanup, #3605 by @samuelcolvin
  • created new function to_lower_camel() for "non pascal case" camel case, #3463 by @schlerp
  • Add checks to default and default_factory arguments in Mypy plugin, #3430 by @klaa97
  • fix mangling of inspect.signature for BaseModel, #3413 by @fix-inspect-signature
  • Adds the SecretField abstract class so that all the current and future secret fields like SecretStr and SecretBytes will derive from it, #3409 by @expobrain
  • Support multi hosts validation in PostgresDsn, #3337 by @rglsk
  • Fix parsing of very small numeric timedelta values, #3315 by @samuelcolvin
  • Update SecretsSettingsSource to respect config.case_sensitive, #3273 by @JeanArhancet
  • Add MongoDB network data source name (DSN) schema, #3229 by @snosratiershad
  • Add support for multiple dotenv files, #3222 by @rekyungmin
  • Raise an explicit ConfigError when multiple fields are incorrectly set for a single validator, #3215 by @SunsetOrange
  • Allow ellipsis on Fields inside Annotated for TypedDicts required, #3133 by @ezegomez
  • Catch overflow errors in int_validator, #3112 by @ojii
  • Adds a __rich_repr__ method to Representation class which enables pretty printing with Rich, #3099 by @willmcgugan
  • Add percent encoding in AnyUrl and descendent types, #3061 by @FaresAhmedb
  • validate_arguments decorator now supports alias, #3019 by @MAD-py
  • Avoid __dict__ and __weakref__ attributes in AnyUrl and IP address fields, #2890 by @nuno-andre
  • Add ability to use Final in a field type annotation, #2766 by @uriyyo
  • Update requirement to typing_extensions>=4.1.0 to guarantee dataclass_transform is available, #4424 by @commonism
  • Add Explosion and AWS to main sponsors, #4413 by @samuelcolvin
  • Update documentation for copy_on_model_validation to reflect recent changes, #4369 by @samuelcolvin
  • Runtime warning if __slots__ is passed to create_model, __slots__ is then ignored, #4432 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add type hints to BaseSettings.Config to avoid mypy errors, also correct mypy version compatibility notice in docs, #4450 by @samuelcolvin

v1.10.0b1 (2022-08-24)

Pre-release, see the GitHub release for details.

v1.10.0a2 (2022-08-24)

Pre-release, see the GitHub release for details.

v1.10.0a1 (2022-08-22)

Pre-release, see the GitHub release for details.

v1.9.2 (2022-08-11)

Revert Breaking Change: v1.9.1 introduced a breaking change where model fields were deep copied by default, this release reverts the default behaviour to match v1.9.0 and before, while also allow deep-copy behaviour via copy_on_model_validation = 'deep'. See #4092 for more information.

  • Allow for shallow copies of model fields, Config.copy_on_model_validation is now a str which must be 'none', 'deep', or 'shallow' corresponding to not copying, deep copy & shallow copy; default 'shallow', #4093 by @timkpaine

v1.9.1 (2022-05-19)

Thank you to pydantic's sponsors: @tiangolo, @stellargraph, @JonasKs, @grillazz, @Mazyod, @kevinalh, @chdsbd, @povilasb, @povilasb, @jina-ai, @mainframeindustries, @robusta-dev, @SendCloud, @rszamszur, @jodal, @hardbyte, @corleyma, @daddycocoaman, @Rehket, @jokull, @reillysiemens, @westonsteimel, @primer-io, @koxudaxi, @browniebroke, @stradivari96, @adriangb, @kamalgill, @jqueguiner, @dev-zero, @datarootsio, @RedCarpetUp for their kind support.

  • Limit the size of generics._generic_types_cache and generics._assigned_parameters to avoid unlimited increase in memory usage, #4083 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add Jupyverse and FPS as Jupyter projects using pydantic, #4082 by @davidbrochart
  • Speedup __isinstancecheck__ on pydantic models when the type is not a model, may also avoid memory "leaks", #4081 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix in-place modification of FieldInfo that caused problems with PEP 593 type aliases, #4067 by @adriangb
  • Add support for autocomplete in VS Code via __dataclass_transform__ when using pydantic.dataclasses.dataclass, #4006 by @giuliano-oliveira
  • Remove benchmarks from codebase and docs, #3973 by @samuelcolvin
  • Typing checking with pyright in CI, improve docs on vscode/pylance/pyright, #3972 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix nested Python dataclass schema regression, #3819 by @himbeles
  • Update documentation about lazy evaluation of sources for Settings, #3806 by @garyd203
  • Prevent subclasses of bytes being converted to bytes, #3706 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fixed "error checking inheritance of" when using PEP585 and PEP604 type hints, #3681 by @aleksul
  • Allow self referencing ClassVars in models, #3679 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking Change, see #4106: Fix issue with self-referencing dataclass, #3675 by @uriyyo
  • Include non-standard port numbers in rendered URLs, #3652 by @dolfinus
  • Config.copy_on_model_validation does a deep copy and not a shallow one, #3641 by @PrettyWood
  • fix: clarify that discriminated unions do not support singletons, #3636 by @tommilligan
  • Add read_text(encoding='utf-8') for, #3625 by @hswong3i
  • Fix JSON Schema generation for Discriminated Unions within lists, #3608 by @samuelcolvin

v1.9.0 (2021-12-31)

Thank you to pydantic's sponsors: @sthagen, @timdrijvers, @toinbis, @koxudaxi, @ginomempin, @primer-io, @and-semakin, @westonsteimel, @reillysiemens, @es3n1n, @jokull, @JonasKs, @Rehket, @corleyma, @daddycocoaman, @hardbyte, @datarootsio, @jodal, @aminalaee, @rafsaf, @jqueguiner, @chdsbd, @kevinalh, @Mazyod, @grillazz, @JonasKs, @simw, @leynier, @xfenix for their kind support.


v1.9.0 (2021-12-31) Changes

v1.9.0a2 (2021-12-24) Changes

v1.9.0a1 (2021-12-18) Changes

  • Add support for Decimal-specific validation configurations in Field(), additionally to using condecimal(), to allow better support from editors and tooling, #3507 by @tiangolo
  • Add arm64 binaries suitable for MacOS with an M1 CPU to PyPI, #3498 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix issue where None was considered invalid when using a Union type containing Any or object, #3444 by @tharradine
  • When generating field schema, pass optional field argument (of type pydantic.fields.ModelField) to __modify_schema__() if present, #3434 by @jasujm
  • Fix issue when pydantic fail to parse typing.ClassVar string type annotation, #3401 by @uriyyo
  • Mention Python >= 3.9.2 as an alternative to typing_extensions.TypedDict, #3374 by @BvB93
  • Changed the validator method name in the Custom Errors example to more accurately describe what the validator is doing; changed from name_must_contain_space to value_must_equal_bar, #3327 by @michaelrios28
  • Add AmqpDsn class, #3254 by @kludex
  • Always use Enum value as default in generated JSON schema, #3190 by @joaommartins
  • Add support for Mypy 0.920, #3175 by @christianbundy
  • validate_arguments now supports extra customization (used to always be Extra.forbid), #3161 by @PrettyWood
  • Complex types can be set by nested environment variables, #3159 by @Air-Mark
  • Fix mypy plugin to collect fields based on pydantic.utils.is_valid_field so that it ignores untyped private variables, #3146 by @hi-ogawa
  • fix validate_arguments issue with Config.validate_all, #3135 by @PrettyWood
  • avoid dict coercion when using dict subclasses as field type, #3122 by @PrettyWood
  • add support for object type, #3062 by @PrettyWood
  • Updates pydantic dataclasses to keep _special properties on parent classes, #3043 by @zulrang
  • Add a TypedDict class for error objects, #3038 by @matthewhughes934
  • Fix support for using a subclass of an annotation as a default, #3018 by @JacobHayes
  • make create_model_from_typeddict mypy compliant, #3008 by @PrettyWood
  • Make multiple inheritance work when using PrivateAttr, #2989 by @hmvp
  • Parse environment variables as JSON, if they have a Union type with a complex subfield, #2936 by @cbartz
  • Prevent StrictStr permitting Enum values where the enum inherits from str, #2929 by @samuelcolvin
  • Make SecretsSettingsSource parse values being assigned to fields of complex types when sourced from a secrets file, just as when sourced from environment variables, #2917 by @davidmreed
  • add a dark mode to pydantic documentation, #2913 by @gbdlin
  • Make pydantic-mypy plugin compatible with pyproject.toml configuration, consistent with mypy changes. See the doc for more information, #2908 by @jrwalk
  • add Python 3.10 support, #2885 by @PrettyWood
  • Correctly parse generic models with Json[T], #2860 by @geekingfrog
  • Update contrib docs re: Python version to use for building docs, #2856 by @paxcodes
  • Clarify documentation about pydantic's support for custom validation and strict type checking, despite pydantic being primarily a parsing library, #2855 by @paxcodes
  • Fix schema generation for Deque fields, #2810 by @sergejkozin
  • fix an edge case when mixing constraints and Literal, #2794 by @PrettyWood
  • Fix postponed annotation resolution for NamedTuple and TypedDict when they're used directly as the type of fields within Pydantic models, #2760 by @jameysharp
  • Fix bug when mypy plugin fails on construct method call for BaseSettings derived classes, #2753 by @uriyyo
  • Add function overloading for a pydantic.create_model function, #2748 by @uriyyo
  • Fix mypy plugin issue with self field declaration, #2743 by @uriyyo
  • The colon at the end of the line "The fields which were supplied when user was initialised:" suggests that the code following it is related. Changed it to a period, #2733 by @krisaoe
  • Renamed variable schema to schema_ to avoid shadowing of global variable name, #2724 by @shahriyarr
  • Add support for autocomplete in VS Code via __dataclass_transform__, #2721 by @tiangolo
  • add missing type annotations in BaseConfig and handle max_length = 0, #2719 by @PrettyWood
  • Change orm_mode checking to allow recursive ORM mode parsing with dicts, #2718 by @nuno-andre
  • Add episode 313 of the Talk Python To Me podcast, where Michael Kennedy and Samuel Colvin discuss Pydantic, to the docs, #2712 by @RatulMaharaj
  • fix JSON schema generation when a field is of type NamedTuple and has a default value, #2707 by @PrettyWood
  • Enum fields now properly support extra kwargs in schema generation, #2697 by @sammchardy
  • Breaking Change, see #3780: Make serialization of referenced pydantic models possible, #2650 by @PrettyWood
  • Add uniqueItems option to ConstrainedList, #2618 by @nuno-andre
  • Try to evaluate forward refs automatically at model creation, #2588 by @uriyyo
  • Switch docs preview and coverage display to use smokeshow, #2580 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add __version__ attribute to pydantic module, #2572 by @paxcodes
  • Add postgresql+asyncpg, postgresql+pg8000, postgresql+psycopg2, postgresql+psycopg2cffi, postgresql+py-postgresql and postgresql+pygresql schemes for PostgresDsn, #2567 by @postgres-asyncpg
  • Enable the Hypothesis plugin to generate a constrained decimal when the decimal_places argument is specified, #2524 by @cwe5590
  • Allow to be used as type in Python 3.9, #2519 by @daviskirk
  • Documentation update how to custom compile pydantic when using pip install, small change in to allow for custom CFLAGS when compiling, #2517 by @peterroelants
  • remove side effect of default_factory to run it only once even if Config.validate_all is set, #2515 by @PrettyWood
  • Add lookahead to ip regexes for AnyUrl hosts. This allows urls with DNS labels looking like IPs to validate as they are perfectly valid host names, #2512 by @sbv-csis
  • Set minItems and maxItems in generated JSON schema for fixed-length tuples, #2497 by @PrettyWood
  • Add strict argument to conbytes, #2489 by @koxudaxi
  • Support user defined generic field types in generic models, #2465 by @daviskirk
  • Add an example and a short explanation of subclassing GetterDict to docs, #2463 by @nuno-andre
  • add KafkaDsn type, HttpUrl now has default port 80 for http and 443 for https, #2447 by @MihanixA
  • Add PastDate and FutureDate types, #2425 by @Kludex
  • Support generating schema for Generic fields with subtypes, #2375 by @maximberg
  • fix(encoder): serialize NameEmail to str, #2341 by @alecgerona
  • add Config.smart_union to prevent coercion in Union if possible, see the doc for more information, #2092 by @PrettyWood
  • Add ability to use typing.Counter as a model field type, #2060 by @uriyyo
  • Add parameterised subclasses to __bases__ when constructing new parameterised classes, so that A <: B => A[int] <: B[int], #2007 by @diabolo-dan
  • Create FileUrl type that allows URLs that conform to RFC 8089. Add host_required parameter, which is True by default (AnyUrl and subclasses), False in RedisDsn, FileUrl, #1983 by @vgerak
  • add confrozenset(), analogous to conset() and conlist(), #1897 by @PrettyWood
  • stop calling parent class root_validator if overridden, #1895 by @PrettyWood
  • Add repr (defaults to True) parameter to Field, to hide it from the default representation of the BaseModel, #1831 by @fnep
  • Accept empty query/fragment URL parts, #1807 by @xavier

v1.8.2 (2021-05-11)


A security vulnerability, level "moderate" is fixed in v1.8.2. Please upgrade ASAP. See security advisory CVE-2021-29510

  • Security fix: Fix date and datetime parsing so passing either 'infinity' or float('inf') (or their negative values) does not cause an infinite loop, see security advisory CVE-2021-29510
  • fix schema generation with Enum by generating a valid name, #2575 by @PrettyWood
  • fix JSON schema generation with a Literal of an enum member, #2536 by @PrettyWood
  • Fix bug with configurations declarations that are passed as keyword arguments during class creation, #2532 by @uriyyo
  • Allow passing json_encoders in class kwargs, #2521 by @layday
  • support arbitrary types with custom __eq__, #2483 by @PrettyWood
  • support Annotated in validate_arguments and in generic models with Python 3.9, #2483 by @PrettyWood

v1.8.1 (2021-03-03)

Bug fixes for regressions and new features from v1.8

  • allow elements of Config.field to update elements of a Field, #2461 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix validation with a BaseModel field and a custom root type, #2449 by @PrettyWood
  • expose Pattern encoder to fastapi, #2444 by @PrettyWood
  • enable the Hypothesis plugin to generate a constrained float when the multiple_of argument is specified, #2442 by @tobi-lipede-oodle
  • Avoid RecursionError when using some types like Enum or Literal with generic models, #2436 by @PrettyWood
  • do not overwrite declared __hash__ in subclasses of a model, #2422 by @PrettyWood
  • fix mypy complaints on Path and UUID related custom types, #2418 by @PrettyWood
  • Support properly variable length tuples of compound types, #2416 by @PrettyWood

v1.8 (2021-02-26)

Thank you to pydantic's sponsors: @jorgecarleitao, @BCarley, @chdsbd, @tiangolo, @matin, @linusg, @kevinalh, @koxudaxi, @timdrijvers, @mkeen, @meadsteve, @ginomempin, @primer-io, @and-semakin, @tomthorogood, @AjitZK, @westonsteimel, @Mazyod, @christippett, @CarlosDomingues, @Kludex, @r-m-n for their kind support.



  • Breaking Change, remove old deprecation aliases from v1, #2415 by @samuelcolvin:
  • remove notes on migrating to v1 in docs
  • remove Schema which was replaced by Field
  • remove Config.case_insensitive which was replaced by Config.case_sensitive (default False)
  • remove Config.allow_population_by_alias which was replaced by Config.allow_population_by_field_name
  • remove model.fields which was replaced by model.__fields__
  • remove model.to_string() which was replaced by str(model)
  • remove model.__values__ which was replaced by model.__dict__
  • Breaking Change: always validate only first sublevel items with each_item. There were indeed some edge cases with some compound types where the validated items were the last sublevel ones, #1933 by @PrettyWood
  • Update docs extensions to fix local syntax highlighting, #2400 by @daviskirk
  • fix: allow utils.lenient_issubclass to handle typing.GenericAlias objects like list[str] in Python >= 3.9, #2399 by @daviskirk
  • Improve field declaration for pydantic dataclass by allowing the usage of pydantic Field or 'metadata' kwarg of dataclasses.field, #2384 by @PrettyWood
  • Making typing-extensions a required dependency, #2368 by @samuelcolvin
  • Make resolve_annotations more lenient, allowing for missing modules, #2363 by @samuelcolvin
  • Allow configuring models through class kwargs, #2356 by @Bobronium
  • Prevent Mapping subclasses from always being coerced to dict, #2325 by @ofek
  • fix: allow None for type Optional[conset / conlist], #2320 by @PrettyWood
  • Support empty tuple type, #2318 by @PrettyWood
  • fix: python_requires metadata to require >=3.6.1, #2306 by @hukkinj1
  • Properly encode Decimal with, or without any decimal places, #2293 by @hultner
  • fix: update __fields_set__ in BaseModel.copy(update=…), #2290 by @PrettyWood
  • fix: keep order of fields with BaseModel.construct(), #2281 by @PrettyWood
  • Support generating schema for Generic fields, #2262 by @maximberg
  • Fix validate_decorator so **kwargs doesn't exclude values when the keyword has the same name as the *args or **kwargs names, #2251 by @cybojenix
  • Prevent overriding positional arguments with keyword arguments in validate_arguments, as per behaviour with native functions, #2249 by @cybojenix
  • add documentation for con* type functions, #2242 by @tayoogunbiyi
  • Support custom root type (aka __root__) when using parse_obj() with nested models, #2238 by @PrettyWood
  • Support custom root type (aka __root__) with from_orm(), #2237 by @PrettyWood
  • ensure cythonized functions are left untouched when creating models, based on #1944 by @kollmats, #2228 by @samuelcolvin
  • Resolve forward refs for stdlib dataclasses converted into pydantic ones, #2220 by @PrettyWood
  • Add support for NamedTuple and TypedDict types. Those two types are now handled and validated when used inside BaseModel or pydantic dataclass. Two utils are also added create_model_from_namedtuple and create_model_from_typeddict, #2216 by @PrettyWood
  • Do not ignore annotated fields when type is Union[Type[...], ...], #2213 by @PrettyWood
  • Raise a user-friendly TypeError when a root_validator does not return a dict (e.g. None), #2209 by @masalim2
  • Add a FrozenSet[str] type annotation to the allowed_schemes argument on the strict_url field type, #2198 by @Midnighter
  • add allow_mutation constraint to Field, #2195 by @sblack-usu
  • Allow Field with a default_factory to be used as an argument to a function decorated with validate_arguments, #2176 by @thomascobb
  • Allow non-existent secrets directory by only issuing a warning, #2175 by @davidolrik
  • fix URL regex to parse fragment without query string, #2168 by @andrewmwhite
  • fix: ensure to always return one of the values in Literal field type, #2166 by @PrettyWood
  • Support typing.Annotated hints on model fields. A Field may now be set in the type hint with Annotated[..., Field(...); all other annotations are ignored but still visible with get_type_hints(..., include_extras=True), #2147 by @JacobHayes
  • Added StrictBytes type as well as strict=False option to ConstrainedBytes, #2136 by @rlizzo
  • added Config.anystr_lower and to_lower kwarg to constr and conbytes, #2134 by @tayoogunbiyi
  • Support plain typing.Tuple type, #2132 by @PrettyWood
  • Add a bound method validate to functions decorated with validate_arguments to validate parameters without actually calling the function, #2127 by @PrettyWood
  • Add the ability to customize settings sources (add / disable / change priority order), #2107 by @kozlek
  • Fix mypy complaints about most custom pydantic types, #2098 by @PrettyWood
  • Add a Hypothesis plugin for easier property-based testing with Pydantic's custom types - usage details here, #2097 by @Zac-HD
  • add validator for None, NoneType or Literal[None], #2095 by @PrettyWood
  • Handle properly fields of type Callable with a default value, #2094 by @PrettyWood
  • Updated create_model return type annotation to return type which inherits from __base__ argument, #2071 by @uriyyo
  • Add merged json_encoders inheritance, #2064 by @art049
  • allow overwriting ClassVars in sub-models without having to re-annotate them, #2061 by @layday
  • add default encoder for Pattern type, #2045 by @PrettyWood
  • Add NonNegativeInt, NonPositiveInt, NonNegativeFloat, NonPositiveFloat, #1975 by @mdavis-xyz
  • Use % for percentage in string format of colors, #1960 by @EdwardBetts
  • Fixed issue causing KeyError to be raised when building schema from multiple BaseModel with the same names declared in separate classes, #1912 by @JSextonn
  • Add rediss (Redis over SSL) protocol to RedisDsn Allow URLs without user part (e.g., rediss://:pass@localhost), #1911 by @TrDex
  • Add a new frozen boolean parameter to Config (default: False). Setting frozen=True does everything that allow_mutation=False does, and also generates a __hash__() method for the model. This makes instances of the model potentially hashable if all the attributes are hashable, #1880 by @rhuille
  • fix schema generation with multiple Enums having the same name, #1857 by @PrettyWood
  • Added support for 13/19 digits VISA credit cards in PaymentCardNumber type, #1416 by @AlexanderSov
  • fix: prevent RecursionError while using recursive GenericModels, #1370 by @xppt
  • use enum for typing.Literal in JSON schema, #1350 by @PrettyWood
  • Fix: some recursive models did not require update_forward_refs and silently behaved incorrectly, #1201 by @PrettyWood
  • Fix bug where generic models with fields where the typevar is nested in another type a: List[T] are considered to be concrete. This allows these models to be subclassed and composed as expected, #947 by @daviskirk
  • Add Config.copy_on_model_validation flag. When set to False, pydantic will keep models used as fields untouched on validation instead of reconstructing (copying) them, #265 by @PrettyWood

v1.7.4 (2021-05-11)

  • Security fix: Fix date and datetime parsing so passing either 'infinity' or float('inf') (or their negative values) does not cause an infinite loop, See security advisory CVE-2021-29510

v1.7.3 (2020-11-30)

Thank you to pydantic's sponsors: @timdrijvers, @BCarley, @chdsbd, @tiangolo, @matin, @linusg, @kevinalh, @jorgecarleitao, @koxudaxi, @primer-api, @mkeen, @meadsteve for their kind support.

  • fix: set right default value for required (optional) fields, #2142 by @PrettyWood
  • fix: support underscore_attrs_are_private with generic models, #2138 by @PrettyWood
  • fix: update all modified field values in root_validator when validate_assignment is on, #2116 by @PrettyWood
  • Allow pickling of pydantic.dataclasses.dataclass dynamically created from a built-in dataclasses.dataclass, #2111 by @aimestereo
  • Fix a regression where Enum fields would not propagate keyword arguments to the schema, #2109 by @bm424
  • Ignore __doc__ as private attribute when Config.underscore_attrs_are_private is set, #2090 by @PrettyWood

v1.7.2 (2020-11-01)

  • fix slow GenericModel concrete model creation, allow GenericModel concrete name reusing in module, #2078 by @Bobronium
  • keep the order of the fields when validate_assignment is set, #2073 by @PrettyWood
  • forward all the params of the stdlib dataclass when converted into pydantic dataclass, #2065 by @PrettyWood

v1.7.1 (2020-10-28)

Thank you to pydantic's sponsors: @timdrijvers, @BCarley, @chdsbd, @tiangolo, @matin, @linusg, @kevinalh, @jorgecarleitao, @koxudaxi, @primer-api, @mkeen for their kind support.

  • fix annotation of validate_arguments when passing configuration as argument, #2055 by @layday
  • Fix mypy assignment error when using PrivateAttr, #2048 by @aphedges
  • fix underscore_attrs_are_private causing TypeError when overriding __init__, #2047 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fixed regression introduced in v1.7 involving exception handling in field validators when validate_assignment=True, #2044 by @johnsabath
  • fix: pydantic dataclass can inherit from stdlib dataclass and Config.arbitrary_types_allowed is supported, #2042 by @PrettyWood

v1.7 (2020-10-26)

Thank you to pydantic's sponsors: @timdrijvers, @BCarley, @chdsbd, @tiangolo, @matin, @linusg, @kevinalh, @jorgecarleitao, @koxudaxi, @primer-api for their kind support.



  • Breaking Change: remove __field_defaults__, add default_factory support with BaseModel.construct. Use .get_default() method on fields in __fields__ attribute instead, #1732 by @PrettyWood
  • Rearrange CI to run linting as a separate job, split install recipes for different tasks, #2020 by @samuelcolvin
  • Allows subclasses of generic models to make some, or all, of the superclass's type parameters concrete, while also defining new type parameters in the subclass, #2005 by @choogeboom
  • Call validator with the correct values parameter type in BaseModel.__setattr__, when validate_assignment = True in model config, #1999 by @me-ransh
  • Force fields.Undefined to be a singleton object, fixing inherited generic model schemas, #1981 by @daviskirk
  • Include tests in source distributions, #1976 by @sbraz
  • Add ability to use min_length/max_length constraints with secret types, #1974 by @uriyyo
  • Also check root_validators when validate_assignment is on, #1971 by @PrettyWood
  • Fix const validators not running when custom validators are present, #1957 by @hmvp
  • add deque to field types, #1935 by @wozniakty
  • add basic support for Python 3.9, #1832 by @PrettyWood
  • Fix typo in the anchor of and incorrect description, #1821 by @KimMachineGun
  • Added ability for BaseSettings to read "secret files", #1820 by @mdgilene
  • add parse_raw_as utility function, #1812 by @PrettyWood
  • Support home directory relative paths for dotenv files (e.g. ~/.env), #1803 by @PrettyWood
  • Clarify documentation for parse_file to show that the argument should be a file path not a file-like object, #1794 by @mdavis-xyz
  • Fix false positive from mypy plugin when a class nested within a BaseModel is named Model, #1770 by @selimb
  • add basic support of Pattern type in schema generation, #1767 by @PrettyWood
  • Support custom title, description and default in schema of enums, #1748 by @PrettyWood
  • Properly represent Literal Enums when use_enum_values is True, #1747 by @noelevans
  • Allows timezone information to be added to strings to be formatted as time objects. Permitted formats are Z for UTC or an offset for absolute positive or negative time shifts. Or the timezone data can be omitted, #1744 by @noelevans
  • Add stub __init__ with Python 3.6 signature for ForwardRef, #1738 by @sirtelemak
  • Fix behaviour with forward refs and optional fields in nested models, #1736 by @PrettyWood
  • add Enum and IntEnum as valid types for fields, #1735 by @PrettyWood
  • Change default value of __module__ argument of create_model from None to 'pydantic.main'. Set reference of created concrete model to it's module to allow pickling (not applied to models created in functions), #1686 by @Bobronium
  • Add private attributes support, #1679 by @Bobronium
  • add config to @validate_arguments, #1663 by @samuelcolvin
  • Allow descendant Settings models to override env variable names for the fields defined in parent Settings models with env in their Config. Previously only env_prefix configuration option was applicable, #1561 by @ojomio
  • Support ref_template when creating schema $refs, #1479 by @kilo59
  • Add a __call__ stub to PyObject so that mypy will know that it is callable, #1352 by @brianmaissy
  • pydantic.dataclasses.dataclass decorator now supports built-in dataclasses.dataclass. It is hence possible to convert an existing dataclass easily to add Pydantic validation. Moreover nested dataclasses are also supported, #744 by @PrettyWood

v1.6.2 (2021-05-11)

  • Security fix: Fix date and datetime parsing so passing either 'infinity' or float('inf') (or their negative values) does not cause an infinite loop, See security advisory CVE-2021-29510

v1.6.1 (2020-07-15)

  • fix validation and parsing of nested models with default_factory, #1710 by @PrettyWood

v1.6 (2020-07-11)

Thank you to pydantic's sponsors: @matin, @tiangolo, @chdsbd, @jorgecarleitao, and 1 anonymous sponsor for their kind support.

  • Modify validators for conlist and conset to not have always=True, #1682 by @samuelcolvin
  • add port check to AnyUrl (can't exceed 65536) ports are 16 insigned bits: 0 <= port <= 2**16-1 src: rfc793 header format, #1654 by @flapili
  • Document default regex anchoring semantics, #1648 by @yurikhan
  • Use chain.from_iterable in This is a faster and more idiomatic way of using itertools.chain. Instead of computing all the items in the iterable and storing them in memory, they are computed one-by-one and never stored as a huge list. This can save on both runtime and memory space, #1642 by @cool-RR
  • Add conset(), analogous to conlist(), #1623 by @patrickkwang
  • make Pydantic errors (un)pickable, #1616 by @PrettyWood
  • Allow custom encoding for dotenv files, #1615 by @PrettyWood
  • Ensure SchemaExtraCallable is always defined to get type hints on BaseConfig, #1614 by @PrettyWood
  • Update datetime parser to support negative timestamps, #1600 by @mlbiche
  • Update mypy, remove AnyType alias for Type[Any], #1598 by @samuelcolvin
  • Adjust handling of root validators so that errors are aggregated from all failing root validators, instead of reporting on only the first root validator to fail, #1586 by @beezee
  • Make __modify_schema__ on Enums apply to the enum schema rather than fields that use the enum, #1581 by @therefromhere
  • Fix behavior of __all__ key when used in conjunction with index keys in advanced include/exclude of fields that are sequences, #1579 by @xspirus
  • Subclass validators do not run when referencing a List field defined in a parent class when each_item=True. Added an example to the docs illustrating this, #1566 by @samueldeklund
  • change schema.field_class_to_schema to support frozenset in schema, #1557 by @wangpeibao
  • Call __modify_schema__ only for the field schema, #1552 by @PrettyWood
  • Move the assignment of field.validate_always in so the always parameter of validators work on inheritance, #1545 by @dcHHH
  • Added support for UUID instantiation through 16 byte strings such as b'\x12\x34\x56\x78' * 4. This was done to support BINARY(16) columns in sqlalchemy, #1541 by @shawnwall
  • Add a test assertion that default_factory can return a singleton, #1523 by @therefromhere
  • Add NameEmail.__eq__ so duplicate NameEmail instances are evaluated as equal, #1514 by @stephen-bunn
  • Add datamodel-code-generator link in pydantic document site, #1500 by @koxudaxi
  • Added a "Discussion of Pydantic" section to the documentation, with a link to "Pydantic Introduction" video by Alexander Hultnér, #1499 by @hultner
  • Avoid some side effects of default_factory by calling it only once if possible and by not setting a default value in the schema, #1491 by @PrettyWood
  • Added docs about dumping dataclasses to JSON, #1487 by @mikegrima
  • Make BaseModel.__signature__ class-only, so getting __signature__ from model instance will raise AttributeError, #1466 by @Bobronium
  • include 'format': 'password' in the schema for secret types, #1424 by @atheuz
  • Modify schema constraints on ConstrainedFloat so that exclusiveMinimum and minimum are not included in the schema if they are equal to -math.inf and exclusiveMaximum and maximum are not included if they are equal to math.inf, #1417 by @vdwees
  • Squash internal __root__ dicts in .dict() (and, by extension, in .json()), #1414 by @patrickkwang
  • Move const validator to post-validators so it validates the parsed value, #1410 by @selimb
  • Fix model validation to handle nested literals, e.g. Literal['foo', Literal['bar']], #1364 by @DBCerigo
  • Remove user_required = True from RedisDsn, neither user nor password are required, #1275 by @samuelcolvin
  • Remove extra allOf from schema for fields with Union and custom Field, #1209 by @mostaphaRoudsari
  • Updates OpenAPI schema generation to output all enums as separate models. Instead of inlining the enum values in the model schema, models now use a $ref property to point to the enum definition, #1173 by @calvinwyoung

v1.5.1 (2020-04-23)

v1.5 (2020-04-18)

  • Make includes/excludes arguments for .dict(), ._iter(), ..., immutable, #1404 by @AlexECX
  • Always use a field's real name with includes/excludes in model._iter(), regardless of by_alias, #1397 by @AlexECX
  • Update constr regex example to include start and end lines, #1396 by @lmcnearney
  • Confirm that shallow model.copy() does make a shallow copy of attributes, #1383 by @samuelcolvin
  • Renaming model_name argument of main.create_model() to __model_name to allow using model_name as a field name, #1367 by @kittipatv
  • Replace raising of exception to silent passing for non-Var attributes in mypy plugin, #1345 by @b0g3r
  • Remove typing_extensions dependency for Python 3.8, #1342 by @prettywood
  • Make SecretStr and SecretBytes initialization idempotent, #1330 by @atheuz
  • document making secret types dumpable using the json method, #1328 by @atheuz
  • Move all testing and build to github actions, add windows and macos binaries, thank you @StephenBrown2 for much help, #1326 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix card number length check in PaymentCardNumber, PaymentCardBrand now inherits from str, #1317 by @samuelcolvin
  • Have BaseModel inherit from Representation to make mypy happy when overriding __str__, #1310 by @FuegoFro
  • Allow None as input to all optional list fields, #1307 by @prettywood
  • Add datetime field to default_factory example, #1301 by @StephenBrown2
  • Allow subclasses of known types to be encoded with superclass encoder, #1291 by @StephenBrown2
  • Exclude exported fields from all elements of a list/tuple of submodels/dicts with '__all__', #1286 by @masalim2
  • Add pydantic.color.Color objects as available input for Color fields, #1258 by @leosussan
  • In examples, type nullable fields as Optional, so that these are valid mypy annotations, #1248 by @kokes
  • Make pattern_validator() accept pre-compiled Pattern objects. Fix str_validator() return type to str, #1237 by @adamgreg
  • Document how to manage Generics and inheritance, #1229 by @esadruhn
  • update_forward_refs() method of BaseModel now copies __dict__ of class module instead of modyfying it, #1228 by @paul-ilyin
  • Support instance methods and class methods with @validate_arguments, #1222 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add default_factory argument to Field to create a dynamic default value by passing a zero-argument callable, #1210 by @prettywood
  • add support for NewType of List, Optional, etc, #1207 by @Kazy
  • fix mypy signature for root_validator, #1192 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fixed parsing of nested 'custom root type' models, #1190 by @Shados
  • Add validate_arguments function decorator which checks the arguments to a function matches type annotations, #1179 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add __signature__ to models, #1034 by @Bobronium
  • Refactor ._iter() method, 10x speed boost for dict(model), #1017 by @Bobronium

v1.4 (2020-01-24)

  • Breaking Change: alias precedence logic changed so aliases on a field always take priority over an alias from alias_generator to avoid buggy/unexpected behaviour, see here for details, #1178 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add support for unicode and punycode in TLDs, #1182 by @jamescurtin
  • Fix cls argument in validators during assignment, #1172 by @samuelcolvin
  • completing Luhn algorithm for PaymentCardNumber, #1166 by @cuencandres
  • add support for generics that implement __get_validators__ like a custom data type, #1159 by @tiangolo
  • add support for infinite generators with Iterable, #1152 by @tiangolo
  • fix url_regex to accept schemas with +, - and . after the first character, #1142 by @samuelcolvin
  • move version_info() to, suggest its use in issues, #1138 by @samuelcolvin
  • Improve pydantic import time by roughly 50% by deferring some module loading and regex compilation, #1127 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix EmailStr and NameEmail to accept instances of themselves in cython, #1126 by @koxudaxi
  • Pass model class to the Config.schema_extra callable, #1125 by @therefromhere
  • Fix regex for username and password in URLs, #1115 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add support for nested generic models, #1104 by @dmontagu
  • add __all__ to to prevent "implicit reexport" errors from mypy, #1072 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add support for using "dotenv" files with BaseSettings, #1011 by @acnebs

v1.3 (2019-12-21)

  • Change schema and schema_model to handle dataclasses by using their __pydantic_model__ feature, #792 by @aviramha
  • Added option for root_validator to be skipped if values validation fails using keyword skip_on_failure=True, #1049 by @aviramha
  • Allow Config.schema_extra to be a callable so that the generated schema can be post-processed, #1054 by @selimb
  • Update mypy to version 0.750, #1057 by @dmontagu
  • Trick Cython into allowing str subclassing, #1061 by @skewty
  • Prevent type attributes being added to schema unless the attribute __schema_attributes__ is True, #1064 by @samuelcolvin
  • Change BaseModel.parse_file to use Config.json_loads, #1067 by @kierandarcy
  • Fix for optional Json fields, #1073 by @volker48
  • Change the default number of threads used when compiling with cython to one, allow override via the CYTHON_NTHREADS environment variable, #1074 by @samuelcolvin
  • Run FastAPI tests during Pydantic's CI tests, #1075 by @tiangolo
  • My mypy strictness constraints, and associated tweaks to type annotations, #1077 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add __eq__ to SecretStr and SecretBytes to allow "value equals", #1079 by @sbv-trueenergy
  • Fix schema generation for nested None case, #1088 by @lutostag
  • Consistent checks for sequence like objects, #1090 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix Config inheritance on BaseSettings when used with env_prefix, #1091 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix for __modify_schema__ when it conflicted with field_class_to_schema*, #1102 by @samuelcolvin
  • docs: Fix explanation of case sensitive environment variable names when populating BaseSettings subclass attributes, #1105 by @tribals
  • Rename django-rest-framework benchmark in documentation, #1119 by @frankie567

v1.2 (2019-11-28)

  • Possible Breaking Change: Add support for required Optional with name: Optional[AnyType] = Field(...) and refactor ModelField creation to preserve required parameter value, #1031 by @tiangolo; see here for details
  • Add benchmarks for cattrs, #513 by @sebastianmika
  • Add exclude_none option to dict() and friends, #587 by @niknetniko
  • Add benchmarks for valideer, #670 by @gsakkis
  • Add parse_obj_as and parse_file_as functions for ad-hoc parsing of data into arbitrary pydantic-compatible types, #934 by @dmontagu
  • Add allow_reuse argument to validators, thus allowing validator reuse, #940 by @dmontagu
  • Add support for mapping types for custom root models, #958 by @dmontagu
  • Mypy plugin support for dataclasses, #966 by @koxudaxi
  • Add support for dataclasses default factory, #968 by @ahirner
  • Add a ByteSize type for converting byte string (1GB) to plain bytes, #977 by @dgasmith
  • Fix mypy complaint about @root_validator(pre=True), #984 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add manylinux binaries for Python 3.8 to pypi, also support manylinux2010, #994 by @samuelcolvin
  • Adds ByteSize conversion to another unit, #995 by @dgasmith
  • Fix __str__ and __repr__ inheritance for models, #1022 by @samuelcolvin
  • add testimonials section to docs, #1025 by @sullivancolin
  • Add support for typing.Literal for Python 3.8, #1026 by @dmontagu

v1.1.1 (2019-11-20)

  • Fix bug where use of complex fields on sub-models could cause fields to be incorrectly configured, #1015 by @samuelcolvin

v1.1 (2019-11-07)

  • Add a mypy plugin for type checking BaseModel.__init__ and more, #722 by @dmontagu
  • Change return type typehint for GenericModel.__class_getitem__ to prevent PyCharm warnings, #936 by @dmontagu
  • Fix usage of Any to allow None, also support TypeVar thus allowing use of un-parameterised collection types e.g. Dict and List, #962 by @samuelcolvin
  • Set FieldInfo on subfields to fix schema generation for complex nested types, #965 by @samuelcolvin

v1.0 (2019-10-23)

  • Breaking Change: deprecate the Model.fields property, use Model.__fields__ instead, #883 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking Change: Change the precedence of aliases so child model aliases override parent aliases, including using alias_generator, #904 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking change: Rename skip_defaults to exclude_unset, and add ability to exclude actual defaults, #915 by @dmontagu
  • Add **kwargs to pydantic.main.ModelMetaclass.__new__ so __init_subclass__ can take custom parameters on extended BaseModel classes, #867 by @retnikt
  • Fix field of a type that has a default value, #880 by @koxudaxi
  • Use FutureWarning instead of DeprecationWarning when alias instead of env is used for settings models, #881 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix issue with BaseSettings inheritance and alias getting set to None, #882 by @samuelcolvin
  • Modify __repr__ and __str__ methods to be consistent across all public classes, add __pretty__ to support python-devtools, #884 by @samuelcolvin
  • deprecation warning for case_insensitive on BaseSettings config, #885 by @samuelcolvin
  • For BaseSettings merge environment variables and in-code values recursively, as long as they create a valid object when merged together, to allow splitting init arguments, #888 by @idmitrievsky
  • change secret types example, #890 by @ashears
  • Change the signature of Model.construct() to be more user-friendly, document construct() usage, #898 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add example for the construct() method, #907 by @ashears
  • Improve use of Field constraints on complex types, raise an error if constraints are not enforceable, also support tuples with an ellipsis Tuple[X, ...], Sequence and FrozenSet in schema, #909 by @samuelcolvin
  • update docs for bool missing valid value, #911 by @trim21
  • Better str/repr logic for ModelField, #912 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix ConstrainedList, update schema generation to reflect min_items and max_items Field() arguments, #917 by @samuelcolvin
  • Allow abstracts sets (eg. dict keys) in the include and exclude arguments of dict(), #921 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix JSON serialization errors on ValidationError.json() by using pydantic_encoder, #922 by @samuelcolvin
  • Clarify usage of remove_untouched, improve error message for types with no validators, #926 by @retnikt

v1.0b2 (2019-10-07)

  • Mark StrictBool typecheck as bool to allow for default values without mypy errors, #690 by @dmontagu
  • Transfer the documentation build from sphinx to mkdocs, re-write much of the documentation, #856 by @samuelcolvin
  • Add support for custom naming schemes for GenericModel subclasses, #859 by @dmontagu
  • Add if TYPE_CHECKING: to the excluded lines for test coverage, #874 by @dmontagu
  • Rename allow_population_by_alias to allow_population_by_field_name, remove unnecessary warning about it, #875 by @samuelcolvin

v1.0b1 (2019-10-01)

  • Breaking Change: rename Schema to Field, make it a function to placate mypy, #577 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking Change: modify parsing behavior for bool, #617 by @dmontagu
  • Breaking Change: get_validators is no longer recognised, use __get_validators__. Config.ignore_extra and Config.allow_extra are no longer recognised, use Config.extra, #720 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking Change: modify default config settings for BaseSettings; case_insensitive renamed to case_sensitive, default changed to case_sensitive = False, env_prefix default changed to '' - e.g. no prefix, #721 by @dmontagu
  • Breaking change: Implement root_validator and rename root errors from __obj__ to __root__, #729 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking Change: alter the behaviour of dict(model) so that sub-models are nolonger converted to dictionaries, #733 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking change: Added initvars support to post_init_post_parse, #748 by @Raphael-C-Almeida
  • Breaking Change: Make BaseModel.json() only serialize the __root__ key for models with custom root, #752 by @dmontagu
  • Breaking Change: complete rewrite of URL parsing logic, #755 by @samuelcolvin
  • Breaking Change: preserve superclass annotations for field-determination when not provided in subclass, #757 by @dmontagu
  • Breaking Change: BaseSettings now uses the special env settings to define which environment variables to read, not aliases, #847 by @samuelcolvin
  • add support for assert statements inside validators, #653 by @abdusco
  • Update documentation to specify the use of pydantic.dataclasses.dataclass and subclassing pydantic.BaseModel, #710 by @maddosaurus
  • Allow custom JSON decoding and encoding via json_loads and json_dumps Config properties, #714 by @samuelcolvin
  • make all annotated fields occur in the order declared, #715 by @dmontagu
  • use pytest to test mypy integration, #735 by @dmontagu
  • add __repr__ method to ErrorWrapper, #738 by @samuelcolvin
  • Added support for FrozenSet members in dataclasses, and a better error when attempting to use types from the typing module that are not supported by Pydantic, #745 by @djpetti
  • add documentation for Pycharm Plugin, #750 by @koxudaxi
  • fix broken examples in the docs, #753 by @dmontagu
  • moving typing related objects into pydantic.typing, #761 by @samuelcolvin
  • Minor performance improvements to ErrorWrapper, ValidationError and datetime parsing, #763 by @samuelcolvin
  • Improvements to datetime/date/time/timedelta types: more descriptive errors, change errors to value_error not type_error, support bytes, #766 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix error messages for Literal types with multiple allowed values, #770 by @dmontagu
  • Improved auto-generated title field in JSON schema by converting underscore to space, #772 by @skewty
  • support mypy --no-implicit-reexport for dataclasses, also respect --no-implicit-reexport in pydantic itself, #783 by @samuelcolvin
  • add the PaymentCardNumber type, #790 by @matin
  • Fix const validations for lists, #794 by @hmvp
  • Set additionalProperties to false in schema for models with extra fields disallowed, #796 by @Code0x58
  • EmailStr validation method now returns local part case-sensitive per RFC 5321, #798 by @henriklindgren
  • Added ability to validate strictness to ConstrainedFloat, ConstrainedInt and ConstrainedStr and added StrictFloat and StrictInt classes, #799 by @DerRidda
  • Improve handling of None and Optional, replace whole with each_item (inverse meaning, default False) on validators, #803 by @samuelcolvin
  • add support for Type[T] type hints, #807 by @timonbimon
  • Performance improvements from removing change_exceptions, change how pydantic error are constructed, #819 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix the error message arising when a BaseModel-type model field causes a ValidationError during parsing, #820 by @dmontagu
  • allow getter_dict on Config, modify GetterDict to be more like a Mapping object and thus easier to work with, #821 by @samuelcolvin
  • Only check TypeVar param on base GenericModel class, #842 by @zpencerq
  • rename Model._schema_cache -> Model.__schema_cache__, Model._json_encoder -> Model.__json_encoder__, Model._custom_root_type -> Model.__custom_root_type__, #851 by @samuelcolvin

v0.32.2 (2019-08-17)

(Docs are available here)

  • fix __post_init__ usage with dataclass inheritance, fix #739 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix required fields validation on GenericModels classes, #742 by @amitbl
  • fix defining custom Schema on GenericModel fields, #754 by @amitbl

v0.32.1 (2019-08-08)

v0.32 (2019-08-06)

  • add model name to ValidationError error message, #676 by @dmontagu
  • breaking change: remove __getattr__ and rename __values__ to __dict__ on BaseModel, deprecation warning on use __values__ attr, attributes access speed increased up to 14 times, #712 by @Bobronium
  • support ForwardRef (without self-referencing annotations) in Python 3.6, #706 by @koxudaxi
  • implement schema_extra in Config sub-class, #663 by @tiangolo

v0.31.1 (2019-07-31)

  • fix json generation for EnumError, #697 by @dmontagu
  • update numerous dependencies

v0.31 (2019-07-24)

v0.30.1 (2019-07-15)

  • fix so nested classes which inherit and change __init__ are correctly processed while still allowing self as a parameter, #644 by @lnaden and @dgasmith

v0.30 (2019-07-07)

v0.29 (2019-06-19)

  • support dataclasses.InitVar, #592 by @pfrederiks
  • Updated documentation to elucidate the usage of Union when defining multiple types under an attribute's annotation and showcase how the type-order can affect marshalling of provided values, #594 by @somada141
  • add conlist type, #583 by @hmvp
  • add support for generics, #595 by @dmontagu

v0.28 (2019-06-06)

v0.27 (2019-05-30)

  • breaking change _pydantic_post_init to execute dataclass' original __post_init__ before validation, #560 by @HeavenVolkoff
  • fix handling of generic types without specified parameters, #550 by @dmontagu
  • breaking change (maybe): this is the first release compiled with cython, see the docs and please submit an issue if you run into problems

v0.27.0a1 (2019-05-26)

  • fix JSON Schema for list, tuple, and set, #540 by @tiangolo
  • compiling with cython, manylinux binaries, some other performance improvements, #548 by @samuelcolvin

v0.26 (2019-05-22)

  • fix to schema generation for IPvAnyAddress, IPvAnyInterface, IPvAnyNetwork #498 by @pilosus
  • fix variable length tuples support, #495 by @pilosus
  • fix return type hint for create_model, #526 by @dmontagu
  • Breaking Change: fix .dict(skip_keys=True) skipping values set via alias (this involves changing validate_model() to always returns Tuple[Dict[str, Any], Set[str], Optional[ValidationError]]), #517 by @sommd
  • fix to schema generation for IPv4Address, IPv6Address, IPv4Interface, IPv6Interface, IPv4Network, IPv6Network #532 by @euri10
  • add Color type, #504 by @pilosus and @samuelcolvin

v0.25 (2019-05-05)

v0.24 (2019-04-23)

v0.23 (2019-04-04)

v0.22 (2019-03-29)

v0.21.0 (2019-03-15)

v0.20.1 (2019-02-26)

v0.20.0 (2019-02-18)

  • fix tests for Python 3.8, #396 by @samuelcolvin
  • Adds fields to the dir method for autocompletion in interactive sessions, #398 by @dgasmith
  • support ForwardRef (and therefore from __future__ import annotations) with dataclasses, #397 by @samuelcolvin

v0.20.0a1 (2019-02-13)

  • breaking change (maybe): more sophisticated argument parsing for validators, any subset of values, config and field is now permitted, eg. (cls, value, field), however the variadic key word argument ("**kwargs") must be called kwargs, #388 by @samuelcolvin
  • breaking change: Adds skip_defaults argument to BaseModel.dict() to allow skipping of fields that were not explicitly set, signature of Model.construct() changed, #389 by @dgasmith
  • add py.typed marker file for PEP-561 support, #391 by @je-l
  • Fix extra behaviour for multiple inheritance/mix-ins, #394 by @YaraslauZhylko

v0.19.0 (2019-02-04)

  • Support Callable type hint, fix #279 by @proofit404
  • Fix schema for fields with validator decorator, fix #375 by @tiangolo
  • Add multiple_of constraint to ConstrainedDecimal, ConstrainedFloat, ConstrainedInt and their related types condecimal, confloat, and conint #371, thanks @StephenBrown2
  • Deprecated ignore_extra and allow_extra Config fields in favor of extra, #352 by @liiight
  • Add type annotations to all functions, test fully with mypy, #373 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix for 'missing' error with validate_all or validate_always, #381 by @samuelcolvin
  • Change the second/millisecond watershed for date/datetime parsing to 2e10, #385 by @samuelcolvin

v0.18.2 (2019-01-22)

v0.18.1 (2019-01-17)

  • add ConstrainedBytes and conbytes types, #315 @Gr1N
  • adding to include license in package .tar.gz, #358 by @samuelcolvin

v0.18.0 (2019-01-13)

  • breaking change: don't call validators on keys of dictionaries, #254 by @samuelcolvin
  • Fix validators with always=True when the default is None or the type is optional, also prevent whole validators being called for sub-fields, fix #132 by @samuelcolvin
  • improve documentation for settings priority and allow it to be easily changed, #343 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix ignore_extra=False and allow_population_by_alias=True, fix #257 by @samuelcolvin
  • breaking change: Set BaseConfig attributes min_anystr_length and max_anystr_length to None by default, fix #349 in #350 by @tiangolo
  • add support for postponed annotations, #348 by @samuelcolvin

v0.17.0 (2018-12-27)

  • fix schema for timedelta as number, #325 by @tiangolo
  • prevent validators being called repeatedly after inheritance, #327 by @samuelcolvin
  • prevent duplicate validator check in ipython, fix #312 by @samuelcolvin
  • add "Using Pydantic" section to docs, #323 by @tiangolo & #326 by @samuelcolvin
  • fix schema generation for fields annotated as : dict, : list, : tuple and : set, #330 & #335 by @nkonin
  • add support for constrained strings as dict keys in schema, #332 by @tiangolo
  • support for passing Config class in dataclasses decorator, #276 by @jarekkar (breaking change: this supersedes the validate_assignment argument with config)
  • support for nested dataclasses, #334 by @samuelcolvin
  • better errors when getting an ImportError with PyObject, #309 by @samuelcolvin
  • rename get_validators to __get_validators__, deprecation warning on use of old name, #338 by @samuelcolvin
  • support ClassVar by excluding such attributes from fields, #184 by @samuelcolvin

v0.16.1 (2018-12-10)

  • fix create_model to correctly use the passed __config__, #320 by @hugoduncan

v0.16.0 (2018-12-03)

  • breaking change: refactor schema generation to be compatible with JSON Schema and OpenAPI specs, #308 by @tiangolo
  • add schema to schema module to generate top-level schemas from base models, #308 by @tiangolo
  • add additional fields to Schema class to declare validation for str and numeric values, #311 by @tiangolo
  • rename _schema to schema on fields, #318 by @samuelcolvin
  • add case_insensitive option to BaseSettings Config, #277 by @jasonkuhrt

v0.15.0 (2018-11-18)

v0.14.0 (2018-10-02)

v0.13.1 (2018-09-21)

  • fix issue where int_validator doesn't cast a bool to an int #264 by @nphyatt
  • add deep copy support for BaseModel.copy() #249, @gangefors

v0.13.0 (2018-08-25)

  • raise an exception if a field's name shadows an existing BaseModel attribute #242
  • add UrlStr and urlstr types #236
  • timedelta json encoding ISO8601 and total seconds, custom json encoders #247, by @cfkanesan and @samuelcolvin
  • allow timedelta objects as values for properties of type timedelta (matches datetime etc. behavior) #247

v0.12.1 (2018-07-31)

  • fix schema generation for fields defined using typing.Any #237

v0.12.0 (2018-07-31)

  • add by_alias argument in .dict() and .json() model methods #205
  • add Json type support #214
  • support tuples #227
  • major improvements and changes to schema #213

v0.11.2 (2018-07-05)

  • add NewType support #115
  • fix list, set & tuple validation #225
  • separate out validate_model method, allow errors to be returned along with valid values #221

v0.11.1 (2018-07-02)

v0.11.0 (2018-06-28)

  • make list, tuple and set types stricter #86
  • breaking change: remove msgpack parsing #201
  • add FilePath and DirectoryPath types #10
  • model schema generation #190
  • JSON serialization of models and schemas #133

v0.10.0 (2018-06-11)

  • add Config.allow_population_by_alias #160, thanks @bendemaree
  • breaking change: new errors format #179, thanks @Gr1N
  • breaking change: removed Config.min_number_size and Config.max_number_size #183, thanks @Gr1N
  • breaking change: correct behaviour of lt and gt arguments to conint etc. #188 for the old behaviour use le and ge #194, thanks @jaheba
  • added error context and ability to redefine error message templates using Config.error_msg_templates #183, thanks @Gr1N
  • fix typo in validator exception #150
  • copy defaults to model values, so different models don't share objects #154

v0.9.1 (2018-05-10)

  • allow custom get_field_config on config classes #159
  • add UUID1, UUID3, UUID4 and UUID5 types #167, thanks @Gr1N
  • modify some inconsistent docstrings and annotations #173, thanks @YannLuo
  • fix type annotations for exotic types #171, thanks @Gr1N
  • re-use type validators in exotic types #171
  • scheduled monthly requirements updates #168
  • add Decimal, ConstrainedDecimal and condecimal types #170, thanks @Gr1N

v0.9.0 (2018-04-28)

  • tweak email-validator import error message #145
  • fix parse error of parse_date() and parse_datetime() when input is 0 #144, thanks @YannLuo
  • add Config.anystr_strip_whitespace and strip_whitespace kwarg to constr, by default values is False #163, thanks @Gr1N
  • add ConstrainedFloat, confloat, PositiveFloat and NegativeFloat types #166, thanks @Gr1N

v0.8.0 (2018-03-25)

  • fix type annotation for inherit_config #139
  • breaking change: check for invalid field names in validators #140
  • validate attributes of parent models #141
  • breaking change: email validation now uses email-validator #142

v0.7.1 (2018-02-07)

  • fix bug with create_model modifying the base class

v0.7.0 (2018-02-06)

  • added compatibility with abstract base classes (ABCs) #123
  • add create_model method #113 #125
  • breaking change: rename .config to .__config__ on a model
  • breaking change: remove deprecated .values() on a model, use .dict() instead
  • remove use of OrderedDict and use simple dict #126
  • add Config.use_enum_values #127
  • add wildcard validators of the form @validate('*') #128

v0.6.4 (2018-02-01)

  • allow Python date and times objects #122

v0.6.3 (2017-11-26)

  • fix direct install without README.rst present

v0.6.2 (2017-11-13)

  • errors for invalid validator use
  • safer check for complex models in Settings

v0.6.1 (2017-11-08)

  • prevent duplicate validators, #101
  • add always kwarg to validators, #102

v0.6.0 (2017-11-07)

  • assignment validation #94, thanks petroswork!
  • JSON in environment variables for complex types, #96
  • add validator decorators for complex validation, #97
  • depreciate values(...) and replace with .dict(...), #99

v0.5.0 (2017-10-23)

  • add UUID validation #89
  • remove index and track from error object (json) if they're null #90
  • improve the error text when a list is provided rather than a dict #90
  • add benchmarks table to docs #91

v0.4.0 (2017-07-08)

  • show length in string validation error
  • fix aliases in config during inheritance #55
  • simplify error display
  • use unicode ellipsis in truncate
  • add parse_obj, parse_raw and parse_file helper functions #58
  • switch annotation only fields to come first in fields list not last

v0.3.0 (2017-06-21)

  • immutable models via config.allow_mutation = False, associated cleanup and performance improvement #44
  • immutable helper methods construct() and copy() #53
  • allow pickling of models #53
  • setattr is removed as __setattr__ is now intelligent #44
  • raise_exception removed, Models now always raise exceptions #44
  • instance method validators removed
  • django-restful-framework benchmarks added #47
  • fix inheritance bug #49
  • make str type stricter so list, dict etc are not coerced to strings. #52
  • add StrictStr which only always strings as input #52

v0.2.1 (2017-06-07)

  • pypi and travis together messed up the deploy of v0.2 this should fix it

v0.2.0 (2017-06-07)

  • breaking change: values() on a model is now a method not a property, takes include and exclude arguments
  • allow annotation only fields to support mypy
  • add pretty to_string(pretty=True) method for models

v0.1.0 (2017-06-03)

  • add docs
  • add history